Psychotic disorders are a group of serious illnesses that affect the
mind. These illnesses alter a person's ability to think clearly, make
good judgments, respond emotionally, communicate effectively, understand
reality, and behave appropriately. When symptoms are severe, people with
psychotic disorders have difficulty staying in touch with reality and
often are unable to meet the ordinary demands of daily life. However,
even the most severe psychotic disorders usually are treatable.
There are different types of psychotic disorders, including:
About 1% of the population worldwide suffers from psychotic disorders. These disorders most often first appear when a person is in his or her late teens, 20s or 30s. They tend to affect men and women about equally.
Most psychotic disorders are treated with a combination of medications and psychotherapy and are treated as outpatients. However, people with particularly severe symptoms, those in danger of hurting themselves or others, or those unable to care for themselves because of their illness, may require hospitalization to stabilize their condition.